Immune system is type of human body’s defense shield, it means protection against foreign antigens, micro-organisms, and toxins. Immune system consists of two main parts, first element is B lymphocytes that produce proteins, antibodies to damage or attack the foreign antigens, micro-organisms and forcefully remove them from the body. It is generally called the humeral immune system. 2nd significant component in immune system is T lymphocytes, these are particular white blood cells that directly damage the foreign micro-organisms. The T lymphocytes are called the cellular immune system. Usually it takes time for both components to perform normally. When an individual is exposed to particular foreign antigen threats, T lymphocytes turn into protective cells therefore antibodies are developed. During an average lifetime, immune system expands a huge library of recognized microorganisms and substances which are sorted and titled as not threat or threat.
Autoimmune disorders are syndromes usually caused when body’s immune system response’s inappropriately against its own cells. Often immune system doesn’t recognize body’s own tissues and start producing auto-antibodies. These anti-bodies begin to damage and attack its own organs, cells and issues. The result is inflammation and autoimmune disorder. Although there had been much research done in this specific field yet the exact cause of autoimmune disorders is unknown. However it is identified that sometime inherited predisposition grows into autoimmune disorders.
Guillain-Barre syndrome is type of autoimmune disorder.